10 Things We Get From Plants

Plants have been an integral part of human existence since the dawn of civilization. Beyond being essential for the sustenance of life, they offer an incredible array of gifts that enrich our lives in diverse ways. From nourishment and medicine to materials and aesthetic pleasures, plants play an invaluable role in our daily existence. This article delves into the numerous things we receive from plants, showcasing the remarkable gifts nature bestows upon us.

1. Nutritious Food

Plants are the primary producers of food for humans and other organisms. Cereals like rice, wheat, and corn, along with vegetables, fruits, nuts, and legumes, provide essential nutrients, vitamins, and minerals for a balanced diet. These natural, plant-based foods contribute to our physical health and well-being, supporting growth, development, and overall vitality.

Fruits and vegetables, rich in antioxidants, help protect our cells from oxidative stress, reducing the risk of chronic diseases. Whole grains, like oats and quinoa, provide fibre that aids in digestion and helps regulate blood sugar levels. Furthermore, plant-based diets have been linked to environmental sustainability, as they generally have a lower carbon footprint compared to animal-based diets.

2. Medicinal Benefits

Throughout history, plants have been a vital source of medicinal remedies. Ancient civilizations recognized the healing properties of various plants, leading to the development of herbal medicine. Today, modern pharmaceuticals often draw inspiration from plant-derived compounds to create essential medicines that address various ailments and health conditions.

Plants like Aloe Vera, known for its soothing properties, are used to treat skin conditions and burns. Willow bark contains salicin, a natural pain reliever that served as the foundation for the creation of aspirin. Even now, ongoing research into plant-based medicine continues to uncover new potential treatments and cures for illnesses, ranging from cancer to infectious diseases.

3. Oxygen Production

Plants play a critical role in the Earth’s ecosystem by conducting photosynthesis, a process that converts carbon dioxide into oxygen. They release oxygen into the atmosphere, enabling all living organisms, including humans, to breathe and survive. It’s estimated that around 70% of the Earth’s oxygen comes from marine plants like phytoplankton, while terrestrial plants like trees contribute the rest.

The Amazon rainforest, often referred to as the “lungs of the Earth,” produces a significant amount of oxygen, impacting global climate regulation. Unfortunately, deforestation and habitat destruction threaten this essential oxygen-producing function of plants, making conservation efforts more crucial than ever.

4. Shelter and Construction Materials

Wood, a versatile plant product, is widely used for construction, furniture-making, and crafting. Trees provide timber and lumber, contributing to the development of infrastructure and meeting various household needs. From the earliest human settlements to modern urban environments, wood has played a crucial role in shaping our habitats.

Sustainable forestry practices, such as reforestation and responsible logging, ensure a continuous supply of wood products while preserving the health of forests. Additionally, innovations in engineered wood products offer eco-friendly alternatives to traditional building materials, reducing the environmental impact of construction.

5. Fibers and Textiles

Several plants yield natural fibres that are used in textile production. Cotton, derived from the cotton plant, is one of the most significant examples, producing soft and breathable fabrics that are widely used in clothing. Other plants like flax (linen) and hemp also provide strong and durable fibres for textiles.

Natural fibres have gained popularity in the fashion industry due to their sustainability and biodegradability. They offer a renewable alternative to synthetic materials like polyester and nylon, which contribute to the growing problem of plastic pollution.

6. Paper Production

Pulp from trees and certain plants serves as the primary material for paper production. Books, newspapers, packaging materials, and other paper-based products all originate from plant resources. While the digital age has reduced paper consumption to some extent, it remains an essential commodity in various industries.

Efforts to promote responsible paper sourcing and recycling have helped mitigate the environmental impact of paper production. By using recycled paper and supporting sustainable forestry practices, we can reduce deforestation and support a more sustainable paper industry.

7. Biofuels and Energy

Plants contribute to the renewable energy sector by being a source of biofuels. Ethanol, derived from crops like sugarcane and corn, is used as a biofuel alternative to fossil fuels, reducing greenhouse gas emissions and promoting sustainable energy practices. Biomass, derived from organic plant materials, can be converted into bioenergy through various processes.

As the world seeks cleaner and more sustainable energy sources, plant-based biofuels offer a promising solution. Additionally, ongoing research aims to improve biofuel production efficiency and explore new sources of renewable energy derived from plants.

8. Perfumes and Aromatherapy

Essential oils, derived from various plants, have aromatic properties that are used in perfumes, cosmetics, and aromatherapy. These natural scents can evoke positive emotions, reduce stress, and create a soothing ambience in homes and wellness centres. Lavender, eucalyptus, and citrus oils are just a few examples of widely used essential oils.

Aromatherapy, a holistic practice that utilizes plant-derived essential oils, promotes emotional and psychological well-being. By harnessing the power of plant scents, aromatherapy aims to enhance relaxation, alleviate anxiety, and improve sleep quality.

9. Dye and Pigments

Plants provide a vast array of colours used in dyes and pigments. Historically, natural dyes were obtained from plants and utilized for colouring fabrics and artwork. Today, natural pigments continue to be used in art, cosmetics, and food products. Turmeric, for instance, imparts a vibrant yellow colour, while beetroot offers a deep red hue.

The use of natural dyes supports sustainable and environmentally friendly practices in industries such as textiles and art. Many artisans and designers are rediscovering the beauty of plant-based colours and incorporating them into their creations.

10. Landscaping and Aesthetics

Plants enhance the beauty of landscapes, gardens, and urban spaces. They contribute to a sense of serenity, purify the air, and provide habitat for various animals, promoting biodiversity and ecological balance. Green spaces in cities offer respite from the bustling urban environment and provide recreational opportunities for communities.

Moreover, plants in indoor spaces have been linked to improved air quality and enhanced well-being. Houseplants not only add aesthetic appeal to homes and offices but also contribute to a healthier and more harmonious living environment.


The gifts we receive from plants are both essential and abundant. From sustenance and medicine to materials and aesthetic pleasures, plants enrich our lives in ways beyond measure. As we continue to advance technologically, it is crucial to preserve and cherish the diverse plant life on our planet. Embracing sustainable practices and safeguarding plant species ensures that the future generations will also enjoy the many blessings bestowed upon us by nature’s botanical wonders. By recognizing and valuing the multifaceted contributions of plants, we foster a deeper connection with the natural world and cultivate a more sustainable future for all living beings.

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