8 Best Doris Lessing Books Every Literature Lover Should Read

Doris Lessing, one of the most prominent and influential writers of the 20th century, has left an indelible mark on literature. Born in Iran and raised in Zimbabwe, her vast and diverse body of work spans genres, continents, and themes. From the biting social critique of racial inequality in her debut novel, “The Grass is Singing,” to the intricate psychological exploration in her groundbreaking “The Golden Notebook,” Lessing’s writing is as multifaceted as it is profound.

A fearless explorer of the human psyche, politics, and society, Lessing’s works have often been at the forefront of literary and social movements. Her novels are imbued with her personal experiences and the turbulent history of the times she lived through. With a Nobel Prize in Literature awarded in 2007, she has been recognized as “that epicist of the female experience, who with scepticism, fire and visionary power has subjected a divided civilization to scrutiny.”

Whether she was delving into science fiction, family dynamics, or her own autobiography, Lessing’s unique voice resonated with readers across the globe. Her ability to intertwine the personal with the political, the ordinary with the extraordinary, has made her works timeless and universally appealing. What follows is a closer look at some of her best books, each offering a glimpse into her brilliant literary mind and the themes that have shaped her illustrious career.

1. The Golden Notebook

Doris Lessing’s “The Golden Notebook” is a groundbreaking work that has become synonymous with feminist literature. This ambitious novel tells the story of Anna Wulf, a writer who keeps four notebooks, each one a different colour representing various aspects of her life. In a fifth, golden notebook, she attempts to unify these fragments of her existence.

The complexity of the novel’s structure mirrors its profound exploration of mental breakdown, gender roles, and political disillusionment. Readers are drawn into the depths of Anna’s psyche, where personal and social conflicts play out. Lessing’s innovative approach to storytelling in this work makes it an enduring classic and a must-read for literary enthusiasts.

2. The Grass is Singing

“The Grass is Singing” marked Lessing’s literary debut, and it immediately established her as a formidable voice on racial politics. Set in South Africa during the apartheid era, the novel follows the tragic story of Mary Turner, whose unhappy marriage leads her into a devastating relationship with her black servant.

The title itself metaphorically refers to the harsh realities and inequalities of life under racial segregation. Lessing’s unflinching examination of race, class, and gender provides a timeless insight into the human condition, making “The Grass is Singing” a poignant and haunting novel.

3. The Good Terrorist

In “The Good Terrorist,” Lessing explores the psyche of radicalism and political extremism. The protagonist, Alice Mellings, is a would-be revolutionary who finds herself trapped between her idealistic desires and the harsh realities of terrorism. Her struggles to reconcile these opposing forces form the core of the novel.

Lessing’s portrayal of Alice and her fellow activists offers a nuanced and humanizing view of those who engage in extreme political acts. This thought-provoking novel raises uncomfortable questions about morality, ideology, and the thin line that separates a dreamer from a terrorist.

4. Shikasta

“Shikasta” marked a departure for Lessing, plunging her into the realm of science fiction. As the first book in the “Canopus in Argos: Archives” series, it introduces readers to an allegorical vision of Earth’s history, with themes of spiritual evolution and moral decay.

The novel’s expansive scope and imaginative storytelling create a mesmerizing tapestry of human history. Lessing’s examination of colonialism, morality, and human potential make “Shikasta” an unforgettable journey through time and space, reflecting her versatility as a writer.

5. The Fifth Child

“The Fifth Child” is a chilling novel that delves into the dark corners of family life. The Lovatts, a seemingly perfect family, are torn apart by the birth of their fifth child, Ben, who is both violent and misunderstood. Lessing explores the unsettling dynamics that emerge as the family struggles to accept and understand their enigmatic child.

This novel is as much a psychological thriller as it is a probing social commentary. Lessing’s exploration of societal norms, family bonds, and the definition of normality creates a harrowing and thought-provoking read that lingers long after the last page is turned.

6. Alfred and Emily

“Alfred and Emily” is a unique blend of fiction and biography as Lessing imagines the lives her parents might have led if World War I had not intervened. The first half of the book is a fictional account, while the second half details the actual lives of her parents, shaped and scarred by the war.

This deeply personal work reflects Lessing’s exploration of historical events and their impact on individual destinies. “Alfred and Emily” stands as a poignant testament to the resilience of the human spirit and the unbreakable bonds of family, capturing the what-ifs and realities of her family’s history.

7. Under My Skin

“Under My Skin” is the first volume of Lessing’s autobiography, offering a candid look into her early life, growing up in Southern Rhodesia (now Zimbabwe), and her first steps into politics and literature. This intimate account reveals the formative experiences that shaped her worldview and writing.

With a blend of honesty, wit, and introspection, Lessing provides readers with a vivid portrait of her personal evolution. “Under My Skin” is not just an autobiography but also a historical and cultural document that paints a vivid picture of the times she lived through.

8. Walking in the Shade

“Walking in the Shade” continues Lessing’s autobiographical journey, chronicling her life from 1949 to 1962. This period includes her move to London, her early literary successes, and her continuous involvement with political movements. Lessing’s reflections reveal both her personal growth and the broader cultural shifts of the time.

Lessing’s engaging narrative and keen insights turn this volume into more than just a personal memoir. “Walking in the Shade” is a valuable snapshot of a dynamic period in history, seen through the eyes of one of literature’s most astute observers, making it a compelling read for both fans of her work and students of 20th-century history.


Doris Lessing’s literary contributions are a rich blend of socio-political observations, emotional depth, and keen insight into the human condition. Whether through science fiction, historical fiction, or autobiographical works, she masterfully explores complex subjects with grace and intelligence. These selected novels provide a gateway to her vast and influential body of work, offering something engaging for readers of various interests and backgrounds. Her writing legacy continues to resonate, making her one of the most important voices in modern literature.

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